OpenBSD 6.5 builds finished a week early, so the May 1 dated code can
go out the door 1 week early.
- OpenBSD 6.5 RELEASED -------------------------------------------------
May 1, 2019.
We are pleased to announce the official release of OpenBSD 6.5.
This is our 46th release. We remain proud of OpenBSD's record of more
than twenty years with only two remote holes in the default install.
As in our previous releases, 6.5 provides significant improvements,
including new features, in nearly all areas of the system:
- Improved hardware support, including:
o clang(1) is now provided on mips64.
o The default linker has been switched from the binutils bfd-based
linker to lld on amd64 and i386.
o octeon: Now the system automatically detects the number of
available cores. However, manual setting of the numcores, or
coremask, boot parameter is still needed to enable secondary
o octeon: It is now possible to use the root disk's DUID as the
value of the rootdev boot parameter.
o New octgpio(4) driver for the OCTEON GPIO controller.
o New pvclock(4) driver for KVM paravirtual clock.
o New ixl(4) driver for Intel Ethernet 700 series controller
o New abcrtc(4) driver for Abracon AB1805 real-time clock.
o New imxsrc(4) driver for i.MX system reset controller.
o New uxrcom(4) driver for Exar XR21V1410 USB serial adapters.
o New mvgicp(4) driver for Marvell ARMADA 7K/8K GICP controller.
o Support for QCA AR816x/AR817x in alc(4).
o Support for isochronous transfers in xhci(4).
o uaudio(4) has been replaced by a new driver which supports USB
audio class v2.0.
o Improved support for nmea(4) devices, providing altitude and
ground speed values as sensors.
- IEEE 802.11 wireless stack improvements:
o Reduced usage of RTS frames improves overall throughput and
o Improved transmit rate selection in the iwm(4) driver.
o Improved radio hardware calibration in the athn(4) driver.
o The bwfm(4) driver now provides more accurate device configuration
information to userland.
o Added new routing socket message RTM_80211INFO to provide details
of 802.11 interface state changes to dhclient(8) and route(8).
o If an auto-join list is configured, wireless interfaces will no
longer connect to unknown open networks by default. This behaviour
must now be explicitly enabled by adding the empty network name to
the auto-join list, e.g. ifconfig iwm0 join "", or join "" in
o The iwn(4) and iwm(4) drivers will now automatically try to
connect to a network if the radio kill switch is toggled to allow
radio transmissions while the interface is marked UP.
- Generic network stack improvements:
o New bpe(4) Backbone Provider Edge pseudo-device.
o New mpip(4) MPLS IP layer 2 pseudowire driver.
o MPLS encapsulation interfaces support configuration of alternative
MPLS route domains.
o The vlan(4) driver bypasses queue processing and outputs directly
to the parent interface.
o New per SAD counters visible via ipsecctl(8).
o The bpf(4) filter drop mechanism has been extended to allow
dropping without capturing packets, and use of the mechanism with
tcpdump(8) as a filtering mechanism early in the device receive
o ifconfig(8) gains txprio for controlling the encoding of priority
in tunnel headers, and support in drivers including vlan(4),
gre(4), gif(4), and etherip(4).
- Installer improvements:
o rdsetroot(8) (a build-time tool) is now available for general use.
o During upgrades, some components of old releases are deleted.
- Security improvements:
o unveil(2) has been improved to understand and find covering unveil
matches above the working directory of the running process for
relative path accesses. As a result many programs now can use
unveil in broad ways such as unveil("/", "r").
o unveil(2) no longer silently allows stat(2) and access(2) to work
on any unveiled path component.
o Now using unveil(2) in ospfd(8), ospf6d(8), rebound(8),
getconf(1), kvm_mkdb(8), bdftopcf(1), Xserver(1), passwd(1),
spamlogd(8), spamd(8), sensorsd(8), snmpd(8), htpasswd(1),
ifstated(8). Some pledge(2) changes were required to accommodate
o ROP mitigations in clang(1) have been improved, resulting in a
significant decrease in the number of polymorphic ROP gadgets in
binaries on i386/amd64.
o RETGUARD performance and security has been improved in clang(1) by
keeping data on registers instead of on the stack when possible,
and lengthening the epilogue trapsled on amd64 to consume the rest
of the cache line before the return.
o RETGUARD replaces the stack protector on amd64 and arm64, since
RETGUARD instruments every function that returns and provides
better security properties than the traditional stack protector.
- Routing daemons and other userland network improvements:
o pcap-filter(3) can now filter on MPLS packets.
o The routing priority for ospfd(8), ospf6d(8) and ripd(8) is now
o ripd(8) is now pledged.
o First release of unwind(8), a validating, recursive nameserver for
127.0.0.1. It is particularly suitable for laptops moving between
o ifconfig(8) gains sff and sffdump modes, displaying diagnostic
information from fibre transceivers and similar modules. Currently
ix(4) and ixl(4) are supported.
o ldpd(8) now supports configuration of TCP MD5 for networks, not
just specific neighbors.
- bgpd(8) improvements:
o bgpd(8) has now a real Adj-RIB-Out which improved overall memory
o Implemented a simple ruleset optimizer that merges filter rules
that differ only by filter sets.
o First release of OpenBGPD-portable. There is currently no FIB
support in the portable version and some other features are also
o The configuration of BGP MPLS VPN changed and the config needs to
be adjusted if VPNs are used.
o Added support for IPv6 BGP MPLS VPNs.
o Implemented as-override in bgpd(8), a feature where the neighbor
AS is replaced by the local AS in AS paths.
o It is now possible to match multiple communities, ext-communities
or large-communities per filter rule.
o Added support for *, local-as and neighbor-as for ext-community
matching and addition or removal.
o Prevent bgpd(8) from being started more than once with the same
o announce inet none no longer clears announce settings of other
o Removed potential for a spurious End-of-RIB marker being sent.
o Fixed mrt table dumps and the route collector mode.
o Improved throttling of initial routing table dump.
o bgpd(8) terminates RIB table walks if bgpctl(8) terminates early.
o Improved handling of communities, large-communities and
ext-communities in bgpctl(8)
o It is now possible to use neighbor group <name> to run bgpctl(8)
commands against the specified group of neighbors:
bgpctl neighbor group [clear|destroy|down|refresh|up]
bgpctl show neighbor group [messages|terse|timers]
bgpctl show rib neighbor group ...
o bgpctl(8) can now add networks into BGP VPN tables by specifying
the route distinguisher rd on the network command.
o bgplg(8) and bgplgsh(8) can now filter on Origin Validation State
and Extended Communities.
o bgplgsh(8) can now [clear|destroy|down|refresh|up] and show groups
- Assorted improvements:
o kcov(4) gained support for KCOV_MODE_TRACE_CMP.
o A 'video' promise was added to pledge(2).
o The kern.witnesswatch sysctl(8) has been renamed to
o New pthread rwlock implementation improving latency of threaded
o kubsan(4) capable of detecting undefined behavior in the kernel.
o signify -n option to zero date header in -z mode.
o Remove OXTABS from default pty flags.
o install(1) now always copies files safely (as with -S), avoiding
o syslog.conf(5) now supports program names containing dots and
o tcpdump(8) already used privsep, pledge(2) and unveil(2)
containment. It now also drops root privileges completely
(switching to a reserved uid).
o The multi-threaded performance of malloc(3) has been improved.
o malloc(3) now uses sysctl(2) to get its settings, making it
respect the system-wide settings in chroots as well.
o Various improvements to the join command.
o Work has started on a ISC-licensed rsync-compatible program called
OpenRSYNC. In this release it has basic functionality such as -a,
--delete, but lacks --exclude. Work will continue.
o New Spleen font 8x16, 12x24, 16x32 and 32x64 variants added and
enabled in wsfont, along with font selection logic to allow
selecting larger fonts when available at runtime in rasops(9).
- OpenSMTPD 6.5.0
o New Features
- Added the new matching criteria "from rdns" to smtpd.conf(5)
to allow matching of sessions based on the reverse DNS of the
- Added regex(3) support to table lookups in smtpd.conf(5).
- LibreSSL 2.9.1
o API and Documentation Enhancements
- CRYPTO_LOCK is now automatically initialized, with the legacy
callbacks stubbed for compatibility.
- Added the SM3 hash function from the Chinese standard GB/T
- Added the SM4 block cipher from the Chinese standard GB/T
- Added more OPENSSL_NO_* macros for compatibility with
- Partial port of the OpenSSL EC_KEY_METHOD API for use by
- Implemented further missing OpenSSL 1.1 API.
- Added support for XChaCha20 and XChaCha20-Poly1305.
- Added support for AES key wrap constructions via the EVP
o Compatibility Changes
- Added pbkdf2 key derivation support to openssl(1) enc.
- Changed the default digest type of openssl(1) enc to sha256.
- Changed the default digest type of openssl(1) dgst to sha256.
- Changed the default digest type of openssl(1) x509
-fingerprint to sha256.
- Changed the default digest type of openssl(1) crl
-fingerprint to sha256.
o Testing and Proactive Security
- Added extensive interoperability tests between LibreSSL and
OpenSSL 1.0 and 1.1.
- Added additional Wycheproof tests and related bug fixes.
o Internal Improvements
- Simplified sigalgs option processing and handshake signing
- Added the ability to use the RSA PSS algorithm for handshake
- Added bn_rand_interval() and use it in code needing ranges of
random bn values.
- Added functionality to derive early, handshake, and
application secrets as per RFC8446.
- Added handshake state machine from RFC8446.
- Removed some ASN.1 related code from libcrypto that had not
been used since around 2000.
- Unexported internal symbols and internalized more record
- Removed SHA224 based handshake signatures from consideration
for use in a TLS 1.2 handshake.
o Portable Improvements
- Added support for assembly optimizations on 32-bit ARM ELF
- Added support for assembly optimizations on Mingw-w64
- Improved Android compatibility
o Bug Fixes
- Improved protection against timing side channels in ECDSA
- Coordinate blinding was added to some elliptic curves. This
is the last bit of the work by Brumley et al. to protect
against the Portsmash vulnerability.
- Ensure transcript handshake is always freed with TLS 1.2.
- OpenSSH 8.0
o New Features
- ssh(1), ssh-agent(1), ssh-add(1): Add support for ECDSA keys
in PKCS#11 tokens.
- ssh(1), sshd(8): Add experimental quantum-computing resistant
key exchange method, based on a combination of Streamlined
NTRU Prime 4591^761 and X25519.
- ssh-keygen(1): Increase the default RSA key size to 3072
bits, following NIST Special Publication 800-57's guidance
for a 128-bit equivalent symmetric security level.
- ssh(1): Allow "PKCS11Provider=none" to override later
instances of the PKCS11Provider directive in ssh_config;
- sshd(8): Add a log message for situations where a connection
is dropped for attempting to run a command but a sshd_config
ForceCommand=internal-sftp restriction is in effect; bz#2960
- ssh(1): When prompting whether to record a new host key,
accept the key fingerprint as a synonym for "yes". This
allows the user to paste a fingerprint obtained out of band
at the prompt and have the client do the comparison for you.
- ssh-keygen(1): When signing multiple certificates on a single
command-line invocation, allow automatically incrementing the
certificate serial number.
- scp(1), sftp(1): Accept -J option as an alias to ProxyJump on
the scp and sftp command-lines.
- ssh-agent(1), ssh-pkcs11-helper(8), ssh-add(1): Accept "-v"
command-line flags to increase the verbosity of output; pass
verbose flags though to subprocesses, such as
ssh-pkcs11-helper started from ssh-agent.
- ssh-add(1): Add a "-T" option to allowing testing whether
keys in an agent are usable by performing a signature and a
- sftp-server(8): Add a "[hidden email]" protocol
extension that replicates the functionality of the existing
SSH2_FXP_SETSTAT operation but does not follow symlinks.
- sftp(1): Add "-h" flag to chown/chgrp/chmod commands to
request they do not follow symlinks.
- sshd(8): Expose $SSH_CONNECTION in the PAM environment. This
makes the connection 4-tuple available to PAM modules that
wish to use it in decision-making. bz#2741
- sshd(8): Add a ssh_config "Match final" predicate Matches in
same pass as "Match canonical" but doesn't require hostname
canonicalisation be enabled. bz#2906
- sftp(1): Support a prefix of '@' to suppress echo of sftp
batch commands; bz#2926
- ssh-keygen(1): When printing certificate contents using
"ssh-keygen -Lf /path/certificate", include the algorithm
that the CA used to sign the cert.
- sshd(8): Fix authentication failures when sshd_config
contains "AuthenticationMethods any" inside a Match block
that overrides a more restrictive default.
- sshd(8): Avoid sending duplicate keepalives when
ClientAliveCount is enabled.
- sshd(8): Fix two race conditions related to SIGHUP daemon
restart. Remnant file descriptors in recently-forked child
processes could block the parent sshd's attempt to listen(2)
to the configured addresses. Also, the restarting parent sshd
could exit before any child processes that were awaiting
their re-execution state had completed reading it, leaving
them in a fallback path.
- ssh(1): Fix stdout potentially being redirected to /dev/null
when ProxyCommand=- was in use.
- sshd(8): Avoid sending SIGPIPE to child processes if they
attempt to write to stderr after their parent processes have
- ssh(1): Fix bad interaction between the ssh_config
ConnectTimeout and ConnectionAttempts directives - connection
attempts after the first were ignoring the requested timeout;
- ssh-keyscan(1): Return a non-zero exit status if no keys were
- scp(1): Sanitize scp filenames to allow UTF-8 characters
without terminal control sequences; bz#2434
- sshd(8): Fix confusion between ClientAliveInterval and
time-based RekeyLimit that could cause connections to be
incorrectly closed. bz#2757
- ssh(1), ssh-add(1): Correct some bugs in PKCS#11 token PIN
handling at initial token login. The attempt to read the PIN
could be skipped in some cases, particularly on devices with
integrated PIN readers. This would lead to an inability to
retrieve keys from these tokens. bz#2652
- ssh(1), ssh-add(1): Support keys on PKCS#11 tokens that set
the CKA_ALWAYS_AUTHENTICATE flag by requring a fresh login
after the C_SignInit operation. bz#2638
- ssh(1): Improve documentation for ProxyJump/-J, clarifying
that local configuration does not apply to jump hosts.
- ssh-keygen(1): Clarify manual - ssh-keygen -e only writes
public keys, not private.
- ssh(1), sshd(8): be more strict in processing protocol
banners, allowing \r characters only immediately before \n.
- Various: fix a number of memory leaks, including bz#2942 and
- scp(1), sftp(1): fix calculation of initial bandwidth limits.
Account for bytes written before the timer starts and adjust
the schedule on which recalculations are performed. Avoids an
initial burst of traffic and yields more accurate bandwidth
- sshd(8): Only consider the ext-info-c extension during the
initial key eschange. It shouldn't be sent in subsequent
ones, but if it is present we should ignore it. This prevents
sshd from sending a SSH_MSG_EXT_INFO for REKEX for buggy
these clients. bz#2929
- ssh-keygen(1): Clarify manual that ssh-keygen -F (find host
in authorized_keys) and -R (remove host from authorized_keys)
options may accept either a bare hostname or a
[hostname]:port combo. bz#2935
- ssh(1): Don't attempt to connect to empty SSH_AUTH_SOCK;
- sshd(8): Silence error messages when sshd fails to load some
of the default host keys. Failure to load an
explicitly-configured hostkey is still an error, and failure
to load any host key is still fatal. pr/103
- ssh(1): Redirect stderr of ProxyCommands to /dev/null when
ssh is started with ControlPersist; prevents random
ProxyCommand output from interfering with session output.
- ssh(1): The ssh client was keeping a redundant ssh-agent
socket (leftover from authentication) around for the life of
the connection; bz#2912
- sshd(8): Fix bug in HostbasedAcceptedKeyTypes and
PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes options. If only RSA-SHA2 siganture
types were specified, then authentication would always fail
for RSA keys as the monitor checks only the base key (not the
signature algorithm) type against *AcceptedKeyTypes. bz#2746
- ssh(1): Request correct signature types from ssh-agent when
certificate keys and RSA-SHA2 signatures are in use.
- Mandoc 1.14.5
o Improved POSIX compliance in apropos(1) by accepting
case-insensitive extended regular expressions by default.
o New -O tag output option to open a page at the definition of a
o Many tbl(7) improvements: line drawing, spanning, horizontal and
vertical alignment in HTML output, improved column width
calculations in terminal output, use of box drawing characters in
o Much better HTML output, in particular with respect to paragraphs,
line breaks, and vertical spacing in tagged lists. Tooltips are
now implemented in pure CSS, the title attribute is no longer
o Xorg(1), the X window server, is no longer installed setuid.
xenodm(1) should be used to start X.
o The radeonsi Mesa driver is now included for hardware acceleration
on Southern Islands and Sea Islands radeondrm(4) devices.
- Ports and packages:
o C++ ports for non-clang architectures are now compiled with ports
gcc, so that more packages can be provided.
o Pre-built packages are available for the following architectures on
the day of release:
- aarch64 (arm64): 9654
- amd64: 10602
- i386: 10535
o Packages for the following architectures will be made available as
their builds complete:
- Some highlights:
o AFL 2.52b o Mozilla Thunderbird 60.6.1
o Asterisk 16.2.1 o Mutt 1.11.4 and NeoMutt 20180716
o Audacity 2.3.1 o Node.js 10.15.0
o CMake 3.10.2 o OCaml 4.07.1
o Chromium 73.0.3683.86 o OpenLDAP 2.3.43 and 2.4.47
o Emacs 26.1 o PHP 7.1.28, 7.2.17 and 7.3.4
o FFmpeg 4.1.3 o Postfix 3.3.3 and 3.4.20190106
o GCC 4.9.4 and 8.3.0 o PostgreSQL 11.2
o GHC 8.2.2 o Python 2.7.16 and 3.6.8
o GNOME 184.108.40.206 o R 3.5.3
o Go 1.12.1 o Ruby 2.4.6, 2.5.5 and 2.6.2
o Groff 1.22.4 o Rust 1.33.0
o JDK 8u202 and 11.0.2+9-3 o Sendmail 220.127.116.11
o LLVM/Clang 7.0.1 o SQLite3 3.27.2
o LibreOffice 18.104.22.168 o Sudo 1.8.27
o Lua 5.1.5, 5.2.4 and 5.3.5 o Suricata 4.1.3
o MariaDB 10.0.38 o Tcl/Tk 8.5.19 and 8.6.8
o Mono 22.214.171.124 o TeX Live 2018
o Mozilla Firefox 66.0.2 and o Vim 8.1.1048 and Neovim 0.3.4
ESR 60.6.1 o Xfce 4.12
- As usual, steady improvements in manual pages and other documentation.
- The system includes the following major components from outside suppliers:
o Xenocara (based on X.Org 7.7 with xserver 1.19.7 + patches,
freetype 2.9.1, fontconfig 2.12.4, Mesa 18.3.5, xterm 344,
xkeyboard-config 2.20 and more)
o LLVM/Clang 7.0.1 (+ patches)
o GCC 4.2.1 (+ patches) and 3.3.6 (+ patches)
o Perl 5.28.1 (+ patches)
o NSD 4.1.27
o Unbound 1.9.1
o Ncurses 5.7
o Binutils 2.17 (+ patches)
o Gdb 6.3 (+ patches)
o Awk Aug 10, 2011 version
o Expat 2.2.6
- SECURITY AND ERRATA --------------------------------------------------
We provide patches for known security threats and other important
issues discovered after each release. Our continued research into
security means we will find new security problems -- and we always
provide patches as soon as possible. Therefore, we advise regular
The OpenBSD Project is a volunteer-driven software group funded by
donations. Besides OpenBSD itself, we also develop important software
like OpenSSH, LibreSSL, OpenNTPD, OpenSMTPD, the ubiquitous pf packet
filter, the quality work of our ports development process, and many
others. This ecosystem is all handled under the same funding umbrella.
We hope our quality software will result in contributions that maintain
our build/development infrastructure, pay our electrical/internet costs,
and allow us to continue operating very productive developer hackathon
All of our developers strongly urge you to donate and support our future
efforts. Donations to the project are highly appreciated, and are
described in more detail at:
- OPENBSD FOUNDATION ---------------------------------------------------
For those unable to make their contributions as straightforward gifts,
the OpenBSD Foundation (http://www.openbsdfoundation.org) is a Canadian
not-for-profit corporation that can accept larger contributions and
issue receipts. In some situations, their receipt may qualify as a
business expense write-off, so this is certainly a consideration for
some organizations or businesses.
There may also be exposure benefits since the Foundation may be
interested in participating in press releases. In turn, the Foundation
then uses these contributions to assist OpenBSD's infrastructure needs.
Contact the foundation directors at [hidden email] for
OpenBSD can be easily installed via HTTP/HTTPS downloads. Typically you
need a single small piece of boot media (e.g., a USB flash drive) and
then the rest of the files can be installed from a number of locations,
including directly off the Internet. Follow this simple set of
instructions to ensure that you find all of the documentation you will
need while performing an install via HTTP/HTTPS.
1) Read either of the following two files for a list of HTTP/HTTPS
mirrors which provide OpenBSD, then choose one near you:
If you are new to OpenBSD, fetch _at least_ the file INSTALL.amd64
and install65.iso. The install65.iso file (roughly 407MB in size)
is a one-step ISO-format install CD image which contains the various
*.tgz files so you do not need to fetch them separately.
If you prefer to use a USB flash drive, fetch install65.fs and
follow the instructions in INSTALL.amd64.
5) If you are an expert, follow the instructions in the file called
README; otherwise, use the more complete instructions in the
file called INSTALL.amd64. INSTALL.amd64 may tell you that you
need to fetch other files.
This is the page where we talk about the mistakes we made while
creating the 6.5 release, or the significant bugs we fixed
post-release which we think our users should have fixes for.
Patches and workarounds are clearly described there.
- X.ORG FOR MOST ARCHITECTURES -----------------------------------------
X.Org has been integrated more closely into the system. This release
contains X.Org 7.7. Most of our architectures ship with X.Org, including
amd64, sparc64 and macppc. During installation, you can install X.Org
quite easily. Be sure to try out xenodm(1), our new, simplified X11
display manager forked from xdm(1).
- PACKAGES AND PORTS ---------------------------------------------------
Many third party software applications have been ported to OpenBSD and
can be installed as pre-compiled binary packages on the various OpenBSD
architectures. Please see https://www.openbsd.org/faq/faq15.html for
more information on working with packages and ports.
Note: a few popular ports, e.g., NSD, Unbound, and several X
applications, come standard with OpenBSD and do not need to be installed
- SYSTEM SOURCE CODE ---------------------------------------------------
The source code for all four subsystems can be found in the
Ports tree and package building by Pierre-Emmanuel Andre, Landry Breuil,
Visa Hankala, Stuart Henderson, Peter Hessler, and Christian Weisgerber.
Base and X system builds by Kenji Aoyama, Theo de Raadt, and
We would like to thank all of the people who sent in bug reports, bug
fixes, donation cheques, and hardware that we use. We would also like
to thank those who bought our previous CD sets. Those who did not
support us financially have still helped us with our goal of improving
the quality of the software.
Our developers are:
Aaron Bieber, Adam Wolk, Alexander Bluhm, Alexander Hall,
Alexandr Nedvedicky, Alexandr Shadchin, Alexandre Ratchov,
Andrew Fresh, Anil Madhavapeddy, Anthony J. Bentley,
Antoine Jacoutot, Anton Lindqvist, Asou Masato, Ayaka Koshibe,
Benoit Lecocq, Bjorn Ketelaars, Bob Beck, Brandon Mercer,
Brent Cook, Brian Callahan, Bryan Steele, Can Erkin Acar,
Carlos Cardenas, Charlene Wendling, Charles Longeau,
Chris Cappuccio, Christian Weisgerber, Christopher Zimmermann,
Claudio Jeker, Dale Rahn, Damien Miller, Daniel Dickman,
Daniel Jakots, Darren Tucker, David Coppa, David Gwynne, David Hill,
Denis Fondras, Doug Hogan, Edd Barrett, Elias M. Mariani,
Eric Faurot, Florian Obser, Florian Riehm, Frederic Cambus,
Gerhard Roth, Giannis Tsaraias, Gilles Chehade, Giovanni Bechis,
Gleydson Soares, Gonzalo L. Rodriguez, Helg Bredow, Henning Brauer,
Ian Darwin, Ian Sutton, Igor Sobrado, Ingo Feinerer, Ingo Schwarze,
Inoguchi Kinichiro, James Turner, Jason McIntyre,
Jasper Lievisse Adriaanse, Jeremie Courreges-Anglas, Jeremy Evans,
Job Snijders, Joel Sing, Joerg Jung, Jonathan Armani, Jonathan Gray,
Jonathan Matthew, Joris Vink, Joshua Stein,
Juan Francisco Cantero Hurtado, Kazuya Goda, Kenji Aoyama,
Kenneth R Westerback, Kent R. Spillner, Kevin Lo, Kirill Bychkov,
Klemens Nanni, Kurt Miller, Kurt Mosiejczuk, Landry Breuil,
Lawrence Teo, Marc Espie, Marco Pfatschbacher, Marcus Glocker,
Mark Kettenis, Mark Lumsden, Markus Friedl, Martijn van Duren,
Martin Natano, Martin Pieuchot, Martynas Venckus, Mats O Jansson,
Matthew Dempsky, Matthias Kilian, Matthieu Herrb, Michael Mikonos,
Mike Belopuhov, Mike Larkin, Miod Vallat, Nayden Markatchev,
Nicholas Marriott, Nigel Taylor, Okan Demirmen, Ori Bernstein,
Otto Moerbeek, Pamela Mosiejczuk, Pascal Stumpf, Patrick Wildt,
Paul Irofti, Pavel Korovin, Peter Hessler, Philip Guenther,
Pierre-Emmanuel Andre, Pratik Vyas, Rafael Sadowski,
Rafael Zalamena, Raphael Graf, Remi Locherer, Remi Pointel,
Renato Westphal, Reyk Floeter, Ricardo Mestre, Richard Procter,
Rob Pierce, Robert Nagy, Sasano Takayoshi, Scott Soule Cheloha,
Sebastian Benoit, Sebastian Reitenbach, Sebastien Marie,
Solene Rapenne, Stefan Fritsch, Stefan Kempf, Stefan Sperling,
Steven Mestdagh, Stuart Cassoff, Stuart Henderson, Sunil Nimmagadda,
T.J. Townsend, Ted Unangst, Theo Buehler, Theo de Raadt,
Thomas Frohwein, Tim van der Molen, Tobias Stoeckmann,
Todd C. Miller, Todd Mortimer, Tom Cosgrove, Ulf Brosziewski,
Uwe Stuehler, Vadim Zhukov, Vincent Gross, Visa Hankala,
Yasuoka Masahiko, Yojiro Uo