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Re: Newbie to IPv6 ... Help me out .... in deploying ipv6 on linux machine
----- Original Message ----
From: Fazlur Rahaman Naik <[hidden email]>
To: BSD ipv6 list <[hidden email]>
Sent: Wednesday, May 16, 2007 2:54:56 PM
Subject: Newbie to IPv6 ... Help me out .... in deploying ipv6 on linux machine
I am trying to deploy the ipv6 on my Linux machine. Can any body help
me out. I am newbie to IPv6. Help will be appreciated. Thanks in
> Hi All,
> I am trying to deploy the ipv6 on my Linux machine. Can any body help
> me out. I am newbie to IPv6. Help will be appreciated. Thanks in
> Thanks & Regards,
> Fazlur Rahaman Naik,
> Patni Computer Systems Ltd.
> http://www.patni.com > World-Wide Partnerships. World-Class Solutions.
> This e-mail message may contain proprietary, confidential or legally
> privileged information for the sole use of the person or entity to
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There are so many primers on IPv6 so please find and read one. Important thing
to know is IPv6 is 128 bits. There are many prefixes (networks in IPv4 parlance)
that are being used and they all have associated RFC's
Each and every interface has an IPv6 address by default called link-local and
the prefix is fe80::/16
2000::/3 (RFC 2450) is the one that is being used mostly by ISP's etc.
This (being 2000::/3) consists the following prefixes:
1. 2001::/16 prefix, consider this as a public address
2. 2002::/16 prefix, is for 6to4 testing and I dont think it is considered as a
3. 3ffe::/16 prefix, is for 6bone test network.
Mind you all these are specific RFC's.
By default all subnets are 64 bits or /64, although you can use less than that
and it is not a crime.
For RFC1918 similar networks there are two in IPv6
fec0::/16 and fc00::/7
Please refrain from using fec0::/16 as it is being deprecated RFC 3487 (not sure
on that RFC somebody can correct me on that.)
In order to use fc00::/7 you have to flip the 8 bit to get fd00::/7 and then
for the next 40 bits you need a get unique number, which is defined in another
RFC on how to get that.
Basically use you mac address and get the date in ntp format and then hash it
using "openssl sha" and get the last 10 characters that is your /48 subnet.
The remaining 16 bits is for subnets, that means you have close to 65500 subnets
at your disposal to do whatever you want to
This (being fd00::/7 with its 40 bit random generation) is more commonly used
Other thing to know it there is no ARP, everything uses ICMPv6 (protocol 58)
right from neighbor discovery to router discovery. Make sure your firewall
allows that, I went thru 2 hours of hell, simply because I forgot to put an
entry in the firewall
All devices can use autoconfiguration to learn the prefixes and then their last
By default all devices, barring Windows Vista (the one that I tried) uses its
MAC address with U/L conversion to get its /64 bit IP address
U/L bit conversion to change MAC 48 bits to eui 64 bits:
suppose given machine's mac address: 00:0c:48:2c:34:ab
then flip the 7 bit and the insert ff fe in the middle:
so: 00:0c:48:2c:34:ab gets changed into
BSD systems, atleast OpenBSD, FreeBSD and MAC OSX already do this conversion, my
luck ran out for Windows Vista. I have not tried Linux yet, but I think it can
do this conversion (somebody can correct me on that)
On OpenBSD it is simple:
use ifconfig "interface" inet6 fdc3:c3dc:45ab:c800:: prefixlen 64 eui64
you may want to read about that in rtsol, rtsold, rtadvd man pages, apart from
inet6, ip6, icmp6 man pages.
For routing OSPF v3 supports IPv6, last time I checked OpenBSD is yet to support it.
Remember all devices must accept all prefixes except for fe80, because RFC
specifically say that there is nothing magical about a prefix, but many
implementations think otherwise. Example Dell L3 switces do not accept anything
but 2000::/3 prefix, which means to say their implementation is broken.